The 5 Rs Principle of Exercise

The 5 Rs Principle of Exercise Every beginner Should know

This week, the gym is flooded with new faces. Spring is here and the weather is sending everyone to the gyms to get ready summer. Getting slim and be in the optimum shape. I watched one new member make her way around through the jungle of strength training equipment last night. She moved from machine to machine doing one set here, two sets there, five repetitions here, twenty there. No rhyme or reason thereto, no paper and pencil in hand, it just appeared another random attempt at a workout. What if there was an easy, straightforward way of taking a workout and working out exactly what should be in it? there’s it’s called the 5 Rs principle.

The 5 Rs Principle of Exercise

The 5 Rs Principle can help beginning exercisers determine what exactly goes into a good workout. Each `R’ focuses on a vital element of an exercise routine that forces the beginner to seem at their workouts in an exceedingly holistic fashion.

RANGE of motion

Range of motion refers to how the potential of a joint to maneuver through a prescribed set of movements. so as for a beginner to work out results, each exercise should be performed from a totally stretched position of the muscle to a completely contracted position. An example: I see plenty of beginners (and those that are round the gym long enough to understand better) lade the EZ-curl bar for preacher curls and perform the exercise only lowering the bar halfway down on the eccentric portion of the exercise. Not only can this cause injury to the bicep muscle, it also doesn’t work the muscle the simplest way possible and limits the results of the exercise.

You’ll hear the term `range of motion’ often in relevancy joint health and mobility. this is often no exception within the gym. Your joints are supported by large and tiny muscles. so as to optimize your joint health, all the muscles surrounding the joints must be worked additionally.


When you’re just beginning to lift weights, what proportion weight to use could be a huge issue. It’s unfortunate that a lot of personal trainers will tell women to use a lighter weight in order that they’re going to “tone up” and not get bulky. this can be probably the largest myth all told of weightlifting? women who lift heavy weights won’t get bulky. Don’t believe anyone who tells you this! Choose a weight that permits you to complete the exercise without sacrificing proper form but that’s heavy enough that you just cannot possibly perform another repetition at the top of your prescribed set of repetitions.


Another huge variable for beginning exercisers is what number repetitions to perform. Performing certain repetitions will indeed produce highly specific results. In general, low repetitions (3-8) produce greater absolute strength, medium repetitions (10-20) produce anaerobic strength endurance, and high repetitions (20-40) produce aerobic strength endurance.

Now, a perfect beginner routine will probably include sets of medium repetitions, just to permit the exerciser to be told to perform the exercise correctly, with proper form and technique and to permit her to experiment with experiencing muscle fatigue at 12-15 repetitions. As she progresses, she will be able to experiment with different set/rep schemes customized to individual goals.

An important note is that so as to attain the results desired from performing a particular number of repetitions is that muscular failure must be achieved within the repetition ranges above. Muscular failure means you can’t possibly force yet one more repetition irrespective of how hard you’re trying to try and do it.


In general, your body needs between two to four minutes of rest between sets to arrange itself to perform another set at maximum capacity. nucleotide (ATP) and phosphocreatine (PC) are utilized by your muscle cells to contract during a weight lifting exercise. Your body needs time to regenerate these two compounds before it’s able to return.

Unless you’re trying to develop all-out absolute strength by performing low repetitions with very heavy weight, you’re probably not visiting have to wait that long between sets. Most beginners are working within a medium repetition range and so don’t have to wait that long between sets. One to 2 minutes is ok.


You will not see faster or better results by working the identical muscle groups day after day. As important as diligence is, recovery between workouts is even more important. Beginners should work the identical muscle groups not quite two occasions per week, with a minimum of forty- eight hours break between sessions. As an exerciser becomes more advanced, she’s going to probably reduce to working each muscle group once every seven days some.

DoerSite Staff
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