An individual’s diet is the sum of food and drink that she or he habitually consumes. Dieting is that the practice of attempting to attain or maintain a specific weight through diet. People’s dietary choices are often tormented by a spread of things, including ethical and non-secular beliefs, clinical need, or a desire to manage weight. In this article I put together the top popular diets on in the world.
Not all diets are considered healthy. Some people follow unhealthy diets through habit, instead of through a conscious option to eat unhealthily. Terms applied to such eating habits include “junk food diet” and “Western diet”. Many diets are considered by clinicians to pose significant health risks and minimal long-term benefit. this is often particularly true of “crash” or “fad” diets – short-term, weight-loss plans that involve drastic changes to an individual’s normal eating habits.
Popular Diets followed for medical reasons
People’s dietary choices are sometimes littered with intolerance or allergy to certain styles of food. There are dietary patterns that may be recommended, prescribed or administered by medical professionals for people with specific medical needs.
DASH diet (Dietary Approaches to prevent Hypertension): A recommendation that those with high force per unit area consume large quantities of fruits, vegetables, whole-grains and low-fat dairy foods as a part of their diet, and avoid sugar sweetened foods, chicken and fats. Promoted by the US Department of Health and Human Services, a u. s. government organization.
Diabetic diet: An umbrella term for diets recommended to people with diabetes. there’s considerable disagreement within the scientific community on what kind of diet is best for people with diabetes.
Elemental diet: A medical, liquid-only diet, during which liquid nutrients are consumed for simple ingestion.
Elimination diet: a technique of identifying foods which cause someone adverse effects, by process of elimination.
Gluten-free diet: A diet which avoids the protein gluten, which is found in barley, rye and wheat. it’s a medical treatment for gluten-related disorders, which include coeliac disease, non-celiac gluten sensitivity, gluten ataxia, dermatitis herpetiformis and wheat allergy.
Gluten-free, casein-free diet: A diet which also avoids casein, a protein commonly found in milk and cheese. This diet has been researched for efficacy in treatment of autism spectrum disorder.
Healthy kidney diet: This diet is for those impacted with chronic nephropathy, those with only 1 kidney who have a kidney infection and people who is also full of another nephrosis. This diet isn’t the dialysis diet, which are a few things completely different. The healthy kidney diet restricts large amounts of protein which are hard for the kidney to interrupt down but especially limits: potassium and phosphorus-rich foods and beverages. Liquids are often restricted in addition – not forbidden, just less of.
Ketogenic diet: A high-fat, low-carb diet, within which dietary and body fat is converted into energy. it’s used as a medical treatment for refractory epilepsy.
Liquid diet: A diet during which only liquids are consumed. could also be administered by clinicians for medical reasons, like after a gastric bypass or to forestall death through starvation from a nonviolent resistance.
Low-FODMAP diet: A diet that consists within the global restriction of all fermentable carbohydrates (FODMAPs).
Popular Calorie and weight Diets
A desire to slim down may be a common motivation to vary dietary habits, as may be a desire to take care of an existing weight. Many weight loss diets are considered by some to entail varying degrees of health risk, and a few don’t seem to be widely considered to be effective. this can be very true of “crash” or “fad” diets.
Many of the diets listed below could make up over one subcategory. Where this is often the case, it’s noted in this diet’s entry.
Popular Low-calorie diets
5:2 diet: an intermittent fasting diet popularized by Michael Mosley in 2012.
Intermittent fasting: Cycling between non-fasting and fasting as a way of calorie restriction.
Body for Life: A calorie-control diet, promoted as a part of the 12-week Body for all times programs.
Cookie diet: A calorie control diet within which low-fat cookies are eaten to quell hunger, often in situ of a meal.
The Hacker’s Diet: A calorie-control diet from The Hacker’s Diet by John Walker. The book suggests that the key to reaching and maintaining the required weight is knowing and thoroughly monitoring calories consumed and used.
Nutrisystem diet: The dietary element of the weight-loss plan from Nutrisystem, Inc. Nutrisystem distributes low-calorie meals, with specific ratios of fats, proteins and carbohydrates.
Weight Watchers diet: Foods are assigned point values; dieters can eat any food with some extent value provided they stay within their daily point limit.
Very low-calorie diets
A very reducing diet is consuming fewer than 800 calories per day. Such diets are normally followed under the supervision of a doctor. Zero-calorie diets are included.
Inedia (breatharian diet): A diet within which no food is consumed, supported the idea that food isn’t necessary for human subsistence.
KE diet: A diet during which a personal feed through a feeding tube and doesn’t eat anything.
Atkins diet: A low-carbohydrate diet, popularized by nutritionist Robert Atkins within the late-20th and early-21st centuries. Proponents argue that this approach could be a more successful way of losing weight than low-calorie diets; critics argue that a low-carb approach poses increased health risks. The Atkins diet consists of 4 phases (Induction, Balancing, Fine-Tuning and Maintenance) with a gradual increase in consumption of carbohydrates because the person goes through the phases.
Dukan Diet: A multi-step diet supported high protein and limited carbohydrate consumption. It starts with two steps intended to facilitate short term weight loss, followed by two steps intended to consolidate these losses and return to a more balanced long-term diet.
Kimkins: A heavily promoted diet for weight loss, found to be fraudulent.
South Beach Diet: Diet developed by the Miami-based cardiologist Arthur Agatston, M.D., who says that the key to losing weight quickly and getting healthy isn’t cutting all carbohydrates and fats from your diet but choosing the correct carbs and therefore the right fats.
Stillman diet: A carbohydrate-restricted diet that predates the Atkins diet, allowing consumption of specific food ingredients.
McDougall’s starch diet may be a high calorie, high fiber, low fat diet that’s supported starches like potatoes, rice, and beans which excludes all animal foods and added vegetable oils. John A. McDougall draws on historical observation of what percentage civilizations round the world throughout time have thrived on starch foods.
Crash diets are very-low-calorie diets used for the aim of in no time weight loss. They describe diet plans that involve making extreme, rapid changes to food consumption, but are used as disparaging terms for common eating habits which are considered unhealthy. This diet is dangerous and might result in extra time when not exhausted a medically supervised setting. Several diets listed here are weight-loss diets which might also fit into other sections of this list. Where this is often the case, it’ll be noted in this diet’s entry.
Beverly Hills Diet: An extreme diet which has only fruits within the first days, gradually increasing the choice of foods up to the sixth week.
Cabbage soup diet: A obesity diet supported heavy consumption of cabbage soup. Considered a reducing diet.
Grapefruit diet: A reducing diet, intended to facilitate weight loss, within which grapefruit is consumed in large quantities at mealtimes.
Monotrophic diet: A diet that involves eating just one food item, or one sort of food, for a period of your time to realize a desired weight reduction.
Subway diet: A crash diet during which an individual consumes Subway sandwiches in situ of upper calorie fast foods. Made famous by former obese student Jared Fogle, who lost 245 pounds after replacing his meals with Subway sandwiches as a part of a shot to thin.
Popular Detox diets
Detox diets involve either not consuming or attempting to flush out substances that are considered unhelpful or harmful. Examples include restricting food consumption to foods without colorings or preservatives, taking supplements, or drinking large amounts of water. The latter practice specifically has drawn criticism, as drinking significantly more water than recommended levels can cause hyponatremia.
Juice fasting: A kind of detox diet, during which nutrition is obtained solely from fruit and vegetable juices. The health implications of such diets are disputed.
Master Cleanse: A sort of juice fasting.
Specific carbohydrate diet: A diet that aims to limit the intake of complex carbohydrates like found in grains and sophisticated sugars.
A obesity diet could be a diet that’s popular for a time, like fads in fashion, without being a customary dietary recommendation, and sometimes promising unreasonably fast weight loss or nonsensical health improvements. there’s no single definition of what a obesity diet is, encompassing a spread of diets with different approaches and evidence bases, and thus different outcomes, advantages and drawbacks, and it’s ever-changing. Generally, fad diets promise short-term changes with little efforts, and thus may lack educating consumers about whole-diet, whole lifestyle changes necessary for sustainable health benefices. Fad diets are often promoted with exaggerated claims, like rapid weight loss of quite 1 kg/week or improving health by “detoxification”, or maybe dangerous claims.
Since the “fad” qualification varies over time, social, cultural and subjective view, this list can not be exhaustive, and fad diets may continue or stop being fads, like the Mediterranean diet. a number of them have therapeutic indications, like epilepsy or obesity, and there’s no one-size-fits-all diet that may be a panacea for everybody to slim or look better. Dietitians are a regulated profession which will distinguish nutritionally sound diets from unhealthy ones.
Popular Vegetarian diets
A vegetarian diet is one which excludes meat. Vegetarians also avoid food containing by-products of animal slaughter, like animal-derived rennet and gelatin.
Fruitarian diet: A diet which predominantly consists of raw fruit.
Lacto vegetarianism: A vegetarian diet that has certain forms of dairy but excludes eggs and foods which contain animal rennet. a typical diet among followers of several religions, including Hinduism, Sikhism and Jainism, supported the principle of Ahimsa (non-harming).
Ovo vegetarianism: A vegetarian diet that has eggs but excludes dairy.
Ovo-lacto vegetarianism: A vegetarian diet that features eggs and dairy.
Vegan diet: additionally to the abstentions of a vegetarian diet, vegans don’t use any product produced by animals, like eggs, dairy products, or honey. The vegan philosophy and lifestyle is broader than simply the diet and also includes abstaining from using any products tested on animals and infrequently campaigning for animal rights.
Popular Semi-vegetarian diets
Semi-vegetarianism: A predominantly vegetarian diet, during which meat is occasionally consumed.
Kangatarian: A diet originating from Australia. additionally to foods permissible in an exceedingly vegetarian diet, kangaroo meat is additionally consumed.
Pescetarian diet: A diet which incorporates fish but no other meats.
Planetary Health Diet: Dietary paradigms that have the subsequent aims: to feed a growing world’s population, to greatly reduce the worldwide number of deaths caused by poor diet, and to be environmentally sustainable on prevent the collapse of the wildlife.
Plant-based diet: A broad term to explain diets within which animal products don’t form an outsized proportion of the diet. Under some definitions a plant-based diet is fully vegetarian; under others it’s possible to follow a plant-based diet whilst occasionally consuming meat.
Pollotarian: Someone who eats chicken or other poultry, but not meat from mammals, often for environmental, health or food justice reasons.
Pollo-pescetarian: Someone who eats both poultry and fish/seafood, though no meat from mammals.
Popular Belief-based diets
Some people’s dietary choices are influenced by their religious, spiritual or philosophical beliefs.
Buddhist diet: While Buddhism doesn’t have specific dietary rules, some Buddhists practice vegetarianism supported a strict interpretation of the primary of the Five Precepts.
Hindu and Jain diets: Followers of Hinduism and Jainism may follow lacto vegetarian diets (though most do not), supported the principle of ahimsa (non-harming).
Islamic dietary laws: Muslims follow a diet consisting solely of food that’s halal – permissible in Islam. the alternative of halal is haraam, food that’s Islamically Impermissible. Haraam substances include alcohol, pork, and any meat from an animal which wasn’t killed through the Islamic method of formality slaughter (Dhabiha).
I-tal: a group of principles which influences the diet of the many members of the Rastafari movement. One principle is that natural foods should be consumed. Some Rastafarians interpret I-tal to advocate vegetarianism or veganism.
Kosher diet: Food permissible under Kashrut, the set of Jewish dietary laws, is claimed to be Kosher. Some foods and food combinations are non-Kosher, and failure to arrange food in accordance with Kashrut can make otherwise permissible foods non-Kosher.
Seventh-day Adventist: Seventh-day Adventists combine the Kosher rules of Judaism with prohibitions against alcohol and caffeinated beverages and a stress on whole foods. About 1/2 Adventists are lacto-ovo-vegetarians.
Word of Wisdom: The name of a bit of the Doctrine and Covenants, a book of scripture accepted by members of The Church of Word of Latter-day Saints. Dietary advice includes (1) wholesome plants “in the season thereof”, (2) eating meat sparingly and only “in times of winter, or of cold, or famine”, and (3) grain because the “staff of life”.
Remba/Lemba diet: Lemba people or Remba people are found in Southern Africa and their diet is predicated on their culture. Their day includes meats and carbohydrates, but the meat is slaughtered in an exceedingly specific way so on drain maximum blood from the animal. They pay particular attention to cleanliness of the person handling and preparing also because the utensils used for food. Their diet excludes pork.